THE IMPACT OF PRACTICAL SKILLS ON THE SUCCESS RATE OF CLINICAL DENTAL EDUCATION

DentaleLibrary

2020 06 09

THE IMPACT OF PRACTICAL SKILLS ON THE SUCCESS RATE OF CLINICAL DENTAL EDUCATION

Abeera  Abdul Qadir (MSc - Dissertation)

Background: Dentistry is based upon clinical work and without actual work and practicality attached to it, a student may not be able to master even the slightest of techniques that they absolutely must. This conversion of academics into practical work is proven to be somewhat difficult, but if mastered in the early stages is proven to be impactful for students and teachers alike. Despite an excellent provision of dental education in dental schools, there is always a difference among dental graduates in terms of clinical skills. Objective: The primary aim of this audit is to ascertain whether there is any existence of relationship between handwriting, drawing and having extracurricular activity with clinical and practical skills of dental student. Material & Methods: The audit was approved by and conducted at Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry Clinical Skills Lab during the months of March and April 2019. The sample size was estimated using online sample size calculator based on total number of undergraduate students as 343, margin of error 12% and 95% confidence level. The sample size came out as 56 undergraduate students. The data was collected in form of an audit assessment form. Results: The total number of students who participated in the study was 58. Out of 58 dental students this audit included 54% of females and 46% males. Dental students who have achieved 81 to 85% grades in their clinical lab session had smoothness and continuity in their handwriting, they wrote on the line provided, they took care of the size, consistency and similarity between the letters and maintained punctuation marks. Students who got 76-80% had drawn wheels with details, drew seat and chain and maintained symmetry whereas who drew paddles and basket had achieved 81 - 85%. Lastly, 86-90% achievers took care of using shading and other drawing skills to enhance their diagram. Student engaged in hand involved sport had a 90-95% pass percentage out of all followed by students into sewing, musical instrument, non-hand involved sport and finally painting, drawing or art who all achieved 81-85%.Those students who did not get involved in any extracurricular activity had the least grade of that of 3.8 which made their pass percentage to be 71-75%. Conclusion: It is important to emphasize over practical skills in order to perform better clinically. The better are the dental skills, the higher the performance in practical. Training and considering practical skills during dental schooling is traditionally of great importance in dental education. Hence, dexterity, spatial and motor abilities have some impact on success of dental schools.